Saturday, June 15, 2024

The Healing Power of Repentance: Embracing the Light of God

Repentance is more than mere remorse or self-reproach; it is a profound turning of one's entire being towards God, fueled by love and a sincere desire for divine union. It is the gateway through which the healing of the wounded human nature begins. Through repentance fallen man turns wholly to God, starting the process of fulfilling His commandments. As the Prophet Isaiah expressed in his prayer, seeking God earnestly even "in the night of sin" illuminates the soul with the divine commandments, which are themselves a light upon the earth. This imagery underscores the transformative power of God’s commandments, which are not burdensome but are the very means by which we come to experience the Uncreated Light of the Godhead.

The Necessity of Repentance for Bearing the Divine Light

The journey of repentance is not just about turning away from sin but is fundamentally about preparing to bear the Light of the Face of God. Without repentance, man remains incapable of enduring this divine radiance. The teachings of the Church emphasize that both humans and angels require the grace of God and the strengthening power of the Holy Spirit to sustain their praise and worship eternally. This is echoed in the Anaphora of the Liturgy of Saint Basil the Great, which proclaims that all creatures, endowed with reason and understanding and strengthened by the Holy Spirit, are able to offer an unceasing hymn of glory to God.

Saint Silouan’s reflection, as recalled by Saint Sophrony, further elucidates this concept, noting that our earthly beings are too fragile to sustain the fullness of divine grace permanently. Thus, the manifestation of God in His eternal glory can only be endured momentarily, and even then, only when the body and psyche are fortified by the grace of the Holy Spirit.

The Transformative Shaking of Repentance

The transformative process initiated by repentance is likened to a violent wind or a mighty earthquake, as described in the Epistle to the Hebrews, where everything that can be shaken is removed, so that only the unshakeable remains. This metaphor illustrates the profound and sometimes tumultuous nature of true repentance, which shakes the believer’s existence to its core. The purpose of this spiritual shaking is to clear away all hindrances that prevent the humble God of love from residing in the believer's heart, preparing them for the Kingdom that cannot be moved.

The Lifelong Journey of Repentance

Repentance is not a one-time act but a continuous, lifelong process that involves daily turning towards God and away from sin. It is through this ongoing spiritual practice that believers are gradually healed, sanctified, and prepared to receive and bear the divine Light. The experience of repentance, while challenging, brings about a profound internal renewal that aligns the believer with God's will and readies them for eternal communion with the Divine. This journey of repentance, marked by both despair and hope, pain and joy, is essential for anyone seeking to fulfill the commandment to love God with every aspect of their being and to live in the light of His eternal love.


Reference: Alive From the Dead: Homilies on Great Lent, Archemandrite Zacharias Zacharou

Saturday, June 8, 2024

The Illuminating Power of Faith: Encountering the Divine Light

In Orthodox Christianity, faith is not merely a set of beliefs but a dynamic and transformative encounter with the divine. It is through faith that one can truly engage with the personal God and begin a journey of profound self-discovery and transformation. This process involves coming into the light of Christ, where one's sins and falsehoods are laid bare, leading to a path of repentance and ultimately to salvation.

Faith as the Gateway to Divine Light

Faith serves as the essential prerequisite for establishing a personal relationship with God. It is through faith that individuals step into the divine light, allowing them to see their true spiritual condition. This revelation is crucial because, without faith, individuals remain in darkness, blinded to their sins and corruption. As the scriptures teach, without faith, one "dies in his sins" (John 8:24), remaining alienated from the truth and light of God.

The Role of Faith in Revealing Sin

When a person comes to faith and steps into the light of Christ, their deeds and innermost thoughts are illuminated. This light does not merely expose; it tests and refines. In the light of Christ, one realizes the extent of their sinfulness and the universal truth that "all men are liars" (Psalms 116:11), and that only God is entirely just and true. This painful realization is not meant to condemn but to set the stage for genuine repentance and spiritual renewal.

Transformative Power of Faith

The kind of faith that leads to this deep spiritual insight is not passive but is filled with an unshakeable conviction that "nothing is impossible with God" (Luke 1:37). Such faith empowers the believer to trust completely in God’s promises and providence, creating a personal relationship characterized by spiritual courage. This courage allows believers to risk everything in the assurance of God's saving power, likened to the Passover—the transition from death to life.

Faith Leading to Repentance and Renewal

This encounter with the divine light through faith leads to what might be termed "charismatic despair." This despair, however, is not defeatist but a necessary precursor to spiritual rebirth. It reflects a profound awareness of one's sinfulness and instability but also kindles a fierce desire for closeness with God. It is a despair filled with grace, pushing the individual toward the battle of repentance, which is both superhuman and deeply transformative.

The Dual Nature of Spiritual Despair

The despair experienced in this spiritual process is unique—it does not lead to hopelessness but to a renewed attraction to the divine. This paradoxical despair is not morbid but is a gift that revitalizes the believer's pursuit of God. It underscores the human condition of being "prone to sin" yet simultaneously highlights the transformative grace available through faith.

Conclusion: Living in the Light of Faith

In the Orthodox Christian life, faith is the beginning of a journey into a union with God in divine light. It is both revealing and healing, exposing the depths of human sin while offering the light of Christ as a beacon of hope and transformation. Through this journey, believers are invited to embrace their spiritual struggles as opportunities for growth and renewal. The ultimate promise of this faith is not just the avoidance of spiritual death but the attainment of eternal life, characterized by a deep, personal union with the divine, moving ever closer to the image of Christ. This profound interaction with the divine light shapes not just individual destinies but the entire life and mission of the Church.


Reference: Alive From the Dead: Homilies on Great Lent, Archemandrite Zacharias Zacharou



Saturday, June 1, 2024

Attaining the Vision of the Uncreated Light in Orthodox Christian Life

The ability to behold the Light of God’s Countenance, described as the Light of salvation, is intrinsically linked to the Incarnation of Christ. In Christ, "dwelleth all the fulness of the Godhead bodily" (Colossians 2:9). This profound mystery—that God became man and dwelt among us—enables humanity to encounter the divine Light. As prophesied and witnessed, "the people which sat in darkness saw great light" (Matthew 4:16), referring to the coming of Christ, the great Light entering earth’s history. This event ensures that nothing can annul God’s eternal will for humanity to become bearers of this divine Light.

The Role of the Holy Spirit in the New Testament

The transition from the Old to the New Testament marks a significant shift in how the divine Light is experienced. While the Old Testament saints received the Spirit's breath temporarily, the New Testament brought the Light of the Holy Spirit to dwell permanently within the Church. This indwelling acts in profound ways, shaping the lives of the faithful, forming images of Christ within them, and perfecting saints who bear witness to His truth. This ongoing presence of the Holy Spirit means that all believers have the potential to experience aspects of this Light, albeit in varying degrees depending on their spiritual state.

The Sacrament of Baptism and Putting on Christ

The practical pathway to encountering the Uncreated Light often begins with the sacrament of Baptism. In Baptism, believers "put on Christ" (Galatians 3:27), clothing themselves in His human nature which is filled with the fullness of Divinity. This act is not merely symbolic but transformative, conferring upon the baptized an "incorruptible garment," the vesture of the Uncreated Light that Adam lost in Paradise. The radiance seen in the faces of those newly baptized, especially evident in adults who have prepared through repentance, signifies this profound change and transfiguration by the grace of the sacrament.

Faith and Confession as Prerequisites

While the Incarnation makes the vision of the Uncreated Light possible, accessing this vision also requires correct faith and the confession of Christ’s Divinity. Belief in the name of Christ and an active participation in the life of the Church through its sacraments and teachings are essential. This faith and confession are not static but dynamic, needing to be nurtured through prayer, participation in the Eucharist, and the life of the community.

Conclusion: Living in the Light

The experience of the Uncreated Light, deeply rooted in the Incarnation and sustained by the sacraments, offers a pathway to transformation for every Orthodox believer. It is a promise of what is to come and a present reality that can permeate and sanctify the lives of those who pursue it with a sincere heart. By engaging deeply with the life of the Church and its mysteries, the faithful are invited to partake in the divine nature, being transformed by the Light that never fades. This journey towards divine illumination is central to the Orthodox way of life, promising not just a future in God's presence but a present filled with His light and life.


Reference: Alive From the Dead: Homilies on Great Lent, Archemandrite Zacharias Zacharou

Saturday, May 25, 2024

Transfigured by the Uncreated Light: A Glimpse into Divine Illumination

The experience of the Uncreated Light in Orthodox Christianity is not just a metaphor for spiritual enlightenment but a profound encounter that transforms the very essence of a person. This divine phenomenon, often described in the teachings and writings of the Church, provides a vivid glimpse into the transformative power of God's presence. The essence of this experience, as articulated by the Holy Elder and saints like Saint Sophrony, reveals the profound impact of divine illumination on human nature.

The Experience of Divine Light and Victory over Death

When one is deemed worthy to receive the Uncreated Light of Christ, there is an intrinsic and powerful conviction that emerges—a realization that "death hath no dominion over him." This experience aligns with the Apostle Paul's teachings that in Christ, whether we live or die, we belong to the Lord, making death powerless (Romans 14:8). This profound spiritual realization assures the believer of an unbreakable connection to Christ, ensuring that nothing can "separate him from the love of Christ" (Romans 8:35).

Divine Light as a Foretaste of Resurrection

The reception of the Uncreated Light is not merely an internal or mystical experience but a palpable encounter with the living God. It provides a "living experience of the love that is in the Trinity," as described by the Holy Elder. This love is so potent that it overcomes the existential death that burdens humanity, offering a taste of resurrection into a new, timeless existence. In this state, individuals lose their sense of earthly origin and instead gain a celestial identity, without beginning because they harbor within them the Eternal One.

Divinization through the Illumination of Divine Light

One of the most significant aspects of experiencing the Divine Light is the process of theosis or divinization. This concept is central to Orthodox spirituality and encapsulates the transformation into godliness, whereby the divine nature is imparted to humans through grace. As the Holy Elder explains, this impartation of uncreated energy likens us to the Creator Himself. Love, the very life of the Triune God, when it resides in us, grants not only immortality in the traditional sense but a timeless existence—"without beginning."

The Dawning of Resurrection

Saint Sophrony eloquently describes the Divine Light as the "dawning of resurrection." This gentle, peaceful, and loving light dispels the darkness of non-existence, resurrecting the individual and, symbolically, the entire world. This resurrection is not only of the body at the end of times but of the spirit here and now, marking a new beginning in the life of the believer.

Transformation of Human Nature

Those who have been vouchsafed the experience of the Uncreated Light are irrevocably changed. Their very nature is transfigured; they acquire the "mind of Christ" (1 Corinthians 2:16), which reshapes their feelings, thoughts, desires, and heart. This transformation aligns them with Christ's will—that all should be saved and come to the knowledge of the truth (1 Timothy 2:4).

Conclusion: Living in the Light

The experience of the Uncreated Light is both a profound mystery and a tangible reality within the Orthodox Church. It is a transformative encounter that redefines existence, imbues life with divine love, and reshapes the believer's identity in the image of Christ. For those walking the path of Orthodoxy, the pursuit of this divine illumination is not just a theological concept but a lived reality that offers a foretaste of the heavenly kingdom, here and now. Thus, the Orthodox way is one of continuous transformation, seeking ever to live in the radiant glow of the Resurrection and the enduring love of God.


Reference: Alive From the Dead: Homilies on Great Lent, Archemandrite Zacharias Zacharou

Saturday, May 18, 2024

The Divine Light: Illuminating the Orthodox Way of Life


In Orthodox theology, the concept of divine light serves as a central realty, illuminating the path of believers. The divine light, compared to the natural light of the sun, plays a crucial role in understanding our relationship with God and the entire cosmos.

The Correspondence between the Created and Uncreated Light

The analogy between the sun and the Divine Light is profoundly insightful. Just as the physical sun gives life to all creation, the Holy Light of the Lord's Countenance—His presence and essence—bestows spiritual life upon all reasonable creatures, including angels and humans. This Light is identified as the Uncreated Sun of Righteousness, a term derived from the prophecy of Malachi, suggesting a rising, an increase to full strength, and a perpetual presence without decline.

This correspondence underscores a vital theological assertion: the visible, created sun and the invisible, noetic Sun of Righteousness both illuminate and vivify, but the latter does so in a spiritual and eternal sense. While the physical sun has its cycle of rising and setting, the divine Light of Christ knows no fading, symbolizing the eternal and constant nature of God's grace and glory.

The Necessity of Divine Light for Spiritual Vision

In the physical world, light allows us to perceive and interact with our environment. Similarly, in the spiritual realm, true understanding and vision are only possible through the Divine Light. This Light, however, is not static but dynamic, affected by the varying receptivity of mankind. Faith, hope, and love are described as forms of this light at different stages of spiritual maturity: faith is an initial glimmer, hope a brighter beam, but perfect love is the full, radiant light that brings about complete spiritual vision.

The Experience of the Uncreated Light Within the Church

The continuous experience of the Uncreated Light is vital for the life of the Church. It is through this divine illumination that the Church maintains an unbroken and living knowledge of God. Historically, at least a few individuals in each generation—saints and spiritually illumined persons—have experienced this Light, enabling the Church to assert confidently the reality of Christ's resurrection.

Saints such as Symeon the New Theologian and Gregory Palamas have profoundly explored this theme. Saint Gregory, in particular, delves into the inner life of the believer and the experience of being illuminated by the "Threefold Sun of the Godhead," emphasizing that God, while transcendent, is also intimately known and loved through His divine energies.

Bridging the Divine and the Human

The Light that surrounds God's Essence serves as a bridge between the Divine and the human, making the ineffable accessible. This theological insight is crucial for understanding how the Orthodox faithful engage with the divine. It is not merely an abstract concept but a real, vibrant, and loving presence that transforms lives.

Conclusion: Living in the Light

The divine Light in Orthodox Christianity is not just a doctrine but a reality that permeates the whole of Orthodox life. It offers both vision and transformation, guiding believers to a deeper relationship with God. As Orthodox Christians, engaging with this Light through faith, hope, and love allows us to progress toward the fullness of spiritual vision, where we come to know, partake in, and ultimately love God in His eternal glory. This journey towards divine illumination is central to the Orthodox way of life, inviting each believer to participate in the radiance of the true Sun of Righteousness.


Reference: Alive From the Dead: Homilies on Great Lent, Archemandrite Zacharias Zacharou

Saturday, May 11, 2024

Understanding Our Divine Destiny: Theosis

In the profound journey of Christian life, as believers, we are continuously reminded of our sacred identity and ultimate destiny. As Orthodox Christianity teaches, each person is not merely a creation but a child of God, imbued with a divine promise and an eternal future. Drawing upon the insightful words of Saint Sophrony, we can explore the profound spiritual reality that governs our lives here and the life that awaits us.

Seeing 'Through a Glass, Darkly'

Our present experience in this world is akin to looking "through a glass, darkly," as Saint Paul describes in his letters (1 Corinthians 13:12). This metaphor captures the essence of our current spiritual vision—imperfect and incomplete. In this life, our understanding of divine truths and the fullness of God's nature is limited and obscured by our human capacities and earthly circumstances. We see only fragments of the greater reality that God has prepared for us, and often, these fragments are shrouded in mystery and ambiguity.

However, this limited vision is not our end state. As Orthodox Christians, we hold a "firm conviction," as Saint Sophrony articulates, that our future state will transcend these current limitations. The hope is not in what we see now, but in what is to be revealed. When the Lord appears to us, it is promised that He will "impart to us a divine state," and we shall become like Him—radiant with the purity of divine light, free from any shadow of darkness.

The Divine Revelation and the Transcendence of Time

Saint Sophrony offers a profound insight into the nature of divine encounters. When we engage in deep, personal prayer and communication with God, we touch something beyond the temporal. In these moments of divine revelation—even if seen as through a darkened glass—we momentarily step out of the constraints of time and the finite. The aeons cease for us; the linear progression of time halts. In the spiritual realm, such prayer lifts us out of the temporal stream and places us in the eternal presence of God, where death and decay have no dominion.

This transcendent experience underscores a critical aspect of Orthodox spirituality: the possibility of experiencing the eternal, here and now, through prayer and communion with God. This is not an escape from reality but a deeper penetration into the truest reality that is God Himself.

Embracing Our True Hypostasis

In our eventual face-to-face encounter with God, we will not only see clearly but will also undergo a transformation into our true 'hypostasis'—a term rich with theological significance, denoting the real and unique essence of a being. Liberated from the "bondage of time and space," our true self, created in the image and likeness of God, will fully manifest. This divine promise is not merely about salvation from sin but an invitation to share in the very life and nature of God.

Conclusion: The Journey Toward Divine Likeness

The Orthodox Christian perspective offers a hopeful and transformative vision of human destiny. It is a journey marked by growth from partial glimpses of God to the fullness of divine encounter. As we navigate through the challenges and limitations of this life, let us hold fast to the conviction that what we see now is not all there is. Greater realities await those who seek God with a sincere heart.

In embracing our spiritual heritage and the teachings of the saints like Sophrony, we are guided and encouraged to persevere in our faith, knowing that in due time, we will enter eternity not as exiles but as rightful heirs, fully realized in the divine light. Until then, let us seek those moments of prayerful communion where time seems to stand still, and we taste the eternal joy that is our ultimate calling.


Reference: Alive From the Dead: Homilies on Great Lent, Archemandrite Zacharias Zacharou

Saturday, May 4, 2024

Journeying Towards the Divine Light, Our Calling: An Orthodox Christian Perspective on Theosis

What is our divine calling? For Orthodox Christians, the concept of man's divine calling is clear. Rooted in Scripture, the experience of Church fathers including the teachings of revered figures like Saint Sophrony and Saint John the Theologian, this perspective illuminates a path towards communion with God, encapsulating the essence of humanity's spiritual journey.

Saint Sophrony, a beacon of spiritual wisdom who experienced God directly as light, encapsulated the essence of humanity's divine purpose when he proclaimed, "man was called by God to the fulness of divine life, to abide eternally in the infinite light." This declaration encapsulates the fundamental belief that each individual is beckoned towards a transcendent union with the divine, where the radiance of God's grace and light permeates every aspect of existence.

Echoing this sentiment, Saint John the Theologian articulates the nature of God as light, devoid of any shadow of darkness. In his profound words, "God is light, and in Him there is no darkness” (1 John 1:5), we find an invitation to immerse ourselves in the boundless luminescence of the Divine. This illumination serves not only to dispel the shadows of ignorance and sin but also to guide humanity towards a higher state of being, where the soul is enfolded in the brilliance of God's presence.

Moreover, Saint John's assertion regarding humanity's potential transformation further elucidates the divine journey. He proclaims, "Now are we the children of God, and it doth not yet appear what we shall be: but we know that, when He shall appear, we shall be like Him; for we shall see Him as He is." This anticipation of likeness to God underscores the transformative nature of communion with the Divine, wherein individuals are transfigured to reflect the very image of their Creator.

The Orthodox Christian perspective, therefore, presents a compelling narrative of human existence as a journey towards the infinite light of God. It beckons believers to embark upon a path of spiritual ascent, guided by the radiant beacon of divine revelation. With humility through prayer, sacraments, adherence to the teachings of Christ and His Church, and continual repentance, individuals are invited to partake in the divine life, wherein the barriers between humanity and the transcendent are dissolved in the ineffable radiance of God's love.

In conclusion, the Orthodox Christian perspective offers a profound insight into the nature of humanity's divine calling. Rooted in the teachings of Saint Sophrony and Saint John the Theologian and others, it illuminates a path towards communion with God, wherein individuals are called to dwell now and eternally in the infinite light of His grace. As humanity continues its journey towards the divine, may we find solace in the promise of transformation and the assurance of likeness to God, as we behold Him in all His radiant glory.

Reference: Alive From the Dead: Homilies on Great Lent, Archemandrite Zacharias Zacharou